短縮形(contractions)は会話、メッセージで使われる

英会話・単語

会話やメッセージで使われる短縮形、よくわからない…

代表的なものはこちら。

contraction(s)(短縮形)

‘m (I am), ‘re (~ are), ‘s (~ is / ~ has), ‘ve (~ have), ‘ll (~ will), ‘d (~ would / ~ had) のように短縮した形で会話したり、メッセージ、email等で短縮形を使って簡潔に文字で表します。

*(大学の論文等形式に沿った文章作成の場合、短縮形を使うことは不適切です。)

以下例文を参考にしてね。

短縮形 例

I ~

I am → I’m

I will → I’ll

I have → I’ve

I would / I had → I’d

you ~

you are → you’re

you will → you’ll

you have → you’ve

you would / you had → you’d

he ~

he is / he has → he’s

he will → he’ll

he would / he had → he’d

she ~

she is / she has → she’s

she will → she’ll

she would / she had → she’d

it ~

it is / it has → it’s

it will → it’ll

it would / it had → it’d

we ~

we are → we’re

we will → we’ll

we have → we’ve

we would / we had → we’d

they ~

they are → they’re

they will → they’ll

they have → they’ve

they would / they had → they’d

~ is

that is → that’s

who is → who’s

where is → where’s

what is → what’s

how is → how’s

here is → here’s

there is → there’s

~ have

could have → could’ve

might have → might’ve

must have → must’ve

should have → should’ve

would have → would’ve

~ not

is not → isn’t

was not → wasn’t

are not → aren’t

were not → weren’t

do not → don’t

does not → doesn’t

did not → didn’t

can not → can’t

could not → couldn’t

should not → shouldn’t

will not → won’t

would not → wouldn’t

have not → haven’t

has not → hasn’t

had not → hadn’t

その他

let us → let’s

What has happened? → What’s happened?

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